In 2002 at the premises of then-private bee farm we started the selection of ‘Rakhivskyi’ breed in cooperation with Transcarpathian bee selection and reproduction departments of the Institute of Apiculture named after Prokopovych P.I. The new breed of Carpathian bees was created, and basically it received its name from the name of locality (town of Rakhiv) where the bee families of this breed originated from. Three families formed the nucleus of this bee type which originated from the bee farms located in the valleys of the Black and White Tisza.
While raising and selecting the Carpathian bees of ‘Rakhivskyi’ breed and other breeds as well, we used the modified selection program invented by scientists Page R. and Ladlow N. The program implied breeding of the purebred bees using the method of closed micro-population adapted to the local conditions. As the program was based on free mating of mother bees it was named ‘the program of bee farming in semi-closed micro-population’.
Practically in the process of selection and formation of the intrabreed bee type we used two forms of selection: analytical (mass) selection at the initial stage of our work and synthetical (individual) selection used at the time of separating genealogical groups and tracing the abilities of parent material to pass the valuable characteristics to the offsprings. As a result, we raised three maternally unrelated genealogical groups. The selection of families with genealogical lines and simultaneous sorting out the families which did not conform to a standard helped to consolidate the breed features. It was also promoted by the mating of mother bees in collective male bee population of genealogical groups and their offsprings.
In three generations we managed to select the bee families with the level of female bee fertility and family strength increased by 37,1-51,0% and honey-producing capacity increased by 40,3%. Consequently, at the end of the year 2005, we organized the bee farm which consisted of 50 purebred bee families and included working bees and male bees with the homogeneous body coloring and breed characteristics that conformed to the highest standard of Carpathian bee breed. Based on these features this new breed came to the level of ‘Vychkovskyi’ and ‘Hoverla’ bee breeds selected earlier as the diagrams show in the picture.
In 2009 the scientific and training centre ‘The Institute of Apiculture named after Prokopovych P.I. of the National Agrarian Academy of Ukraine’ submitted an application to the Ministry of аgrarian policy with a request to recognize the selected breeds of Carpathian bees as a selective breeding achievement. As a consequence, to fulfill the order of the Ministry of аgrarian policy of Ukraine No 302/48 from 27.04.2009 ‘On the state approbation of intrabreed types of Carpathian bees ‘Vychkovskyi’, ‘Hoverla’, ‘Rakhivskyi’’ the expert committee was appointed. The experts studied the materials presented for approbation and in the period from 02.06.2009 to 04.06.2009 the committee conducted an assessment of the above-mentioned breeds on the bee farms in the Transcarpathian region at the places of their location.
Based on the studies of presented materials the committee took a decision to recognize the selected breeds of Carpathian bees ‘Vychkovskyi’, ‘Hoverla’, ‘Rakhivskyi’ as a selective breeding achievement.